OBESITY!


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Should we be taxing biscuits?

In addition, ma huang has been linked to serious side effects such as heart attacks , seizures, and death. Chromium also is a popular ingredient in weight-loss products, but there is no evidence that chromium has any effect on weight loss. Weight-loss teas contain strong botanical laxatives Senna , cascara sagrada and diuretics Rhamnus purshiana that cause diarrhea and loss of water from the body.

Diarrhea and water loss lead to the depletion of sodium and potassium and can lead to dehydration.

Why are Americans Obese?

Although an individual's weight may decrease, the loss is due to a decrease in fluid and is only temporary. Moreover, low sodium and potassium levels may cause abnormal heart rhythms and can even lead to death. Guar gum preparations have also been promoted as a weight-loss agent. Guar gum is thought to work by leading to a feeling of fullness early in the meal. It has not been scientifically proven and has been associated with abdominal pain , gas, and diarrhea. All of the OTC products discussed above are not considered drugs and are therefore not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration.

As a result, there is little information on their effectiveness or safety. You should discuss any OTC weight loss products you are planning on taking or are taking with a health care professional. It cannot be overemphasized that a successful program needs to be built on dietary and lifestyle changes. What is the role of weight loss surgery in the treatment of obesity? The National Institute of Health consensus has suggested the following guidelines for weight loss surgery in obese patients:.

A study done in Sweden compared the rates of diabetes and hypertension in two groups of obese patients: those who underwent surgery and those who didn't. Each group had similar body weight at baseline the start of the study. At two years, diabetes and high blood pressure were lower in the patients treated with surgery.


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Surgical procedures of the upper gastrointestinal tract are collectively called bariatric surgery. The initial surgeries performed were the jejunocolic bypass and the jejunoileal bypass where the small bowel is diverted to the large bowel, bypassing a lot of the surface area where food would have been absorbed. These procedures were fraught with problems and are no longer performed.

How to tell if you're obese

Currently, procedures used include making the stomach area smaller or bypassing the stomach completely. Restrictive surgeries : These surgeries restrict the size of the stomach and slow down digestion. In the cases of making the stomach smaller, vertically banded gastroplasty is the most common procedure, where the esophagus is banded early in the stomach.

The other procedure is gastric banding , where an inflatable pouch causes gastric constriction. Changing the volume in the ring that encircles the stomach can change the amount of constriction.

Complications

Gastric bypass essentially causes weight loss by bypassing the stomach. The most common malabsorptive surgery is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, in which the stomach is stapled to create a small pouch, and then part of the intestine is attached to this pouch to decrease food absorption.

The surgical treatment of obesity and the surgical procedures are evolving constantly and frequently are done by laparoscopic methods using tiny incisions and a camera to carry out the surgery. Although these procedures are becoming more routine, the mortality rate for these procedures is still between 0.

What is obesity and what causes it?

The risks of surgery include the usual complications of infection, blood clots in the lower extremities deep vein thrombosis and in the lungs pulmonary embolism , and anesthesia risk. Specific long-term risks related to obesity surgery include lack of iron absorption and iron deficiency anemia. Vitamin B12 deficiency can also develop and could lead to nerve damage neuropathies.

Rapid weight loss may also be associated with gallstones. Bariatric surgery should be performed at a center with a whole weight-loss program in place that includes dieticians and therapists and follow-up care. How can people choose a safe and successful weight-loss program? Scientists have made tremendous strides in understanding obesity and in improving the medication treatment of this important disease. In time, better, safer, and more effective obesity medications will be available. But currently there is still no "magic cure" for obesity.

The best and safest way to lose fat and keep it off is through a commitment to a lifelong process of proper diet and regular exercise. Medications should be considered helpful adjuncts to diet and exercise for patients whose health risk from obesity clearly outweigh the potential side effects of the medications.

International Journal of Obesity

Medications should be prescribed by doctors familiar with the patients' conditions and with the use of the medications. Medication s and other "herbal" preparations with unproven effectiveness and safety should be avoided. Almost any of the commercial weight-loss programs can work but only if they motivate you sufficiently to decrease the amount of calories you eat or increase the amount of calories you burn each day or both. What elements of a weight-loss program should a consumer look for in judging its potential for safe and successful weight loss?

A responsible and safe weight-loss program should be able to document for you the five following features:. Obesity is a chronic condition. Too often it is viewed as a temporary problem that can be treated for a few months with a strenuous diet. However, as most overweight people know, weight control must be considered a lifelong effort. To be safe and effective, any weight-loss program must address the long-term approach or else the program is largely a waste of time, money, and energy.

Maintaining your ideal body weight is a balancing act between food consumption and calories needed by the body for energy. You are what you eat. The kinds and amounts of food you eat affect your ability to maintain your ideal weight and to lose weight. Medical science has established that eating proper foods can influence health for all age groups. Department of Agriculture's current dietary guidelines state the following:. Here are the best ways to lose weight. From calories to fitness, learn these weight loss tips and win your battle with losing weight.

Many adults and children are considered obese. Please share your personal experience with being overweight or obese. Did you or someone you know have surgery to treat obesity? Please describe what the experience was like. Reflux laryngitis is caused by acid refluxing back up through the esophagus and voice box. Reflux laryngitis causes irritation and inflammation of the lining of the esophagus, larynx, and throat; and can lead to symptoms, signs, and other problems like esophagitis, sinusitis, strictures, throat clearing, swallowing problems, asthma, chronic cough, and growths on the vocal cords.

Typical symptoms of reflux laryngitis include heartburn, hoarseness, or a sensation of a foreign body in the throat. Reflux laryngitis can be treated with diet chanes, OTC medication, prescription medication, and lifestyle changes. Obesity facts What is obesity? Readers Comments 4 Share Your Story. Sign Up for MedicineNet Newsletters! Readers Comments 16 Share Your Story. Share Your Story. Droyvold, W. Life Measurements, Inc. World Health Organization. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. United States.

Understanding Obesity - Nucleus Health

Food and Nutrition Service. Department of Agriculture. National Institutes of Health. Patient Comments Obesity - Effective Treatments What kinds of treatments have been effective for your obesity? Take the Food Portion Distortion Quiz to find out how and why gigantic portions trick you into eating more than reasonable amounts of food! Gastric bypass surgery is a procedure that creates a small stomach pouch to restrict food intake and constructs bypasses of the duodenum and parts of the small intestine to decrease one's ability to absorb nutrients from food.

There are two types of gastric bypass operations: Roux-en-Y and extensive gastric bypass. Patients who undergo gastric bypass surgery will need to take nutrition supplements due to limited absorption of certain vitamins and minerals. Group B strep are bacteria called Streptococcus agalactiae that may sometimes cause infections both in a pregnant woman and her baby.

Symptoms include fever, seizures, heart rate abnormalities, breathing problems, and fussiness. Intravenous antibiotics are used to treat group B strep infections.

The Human Body Quiz will help you learn about your little-known body parts! Take this quiz to learn more about your body and what goes on inside. Lipoplasty is a surgical procedure in which high-frequency sound waves are used to liquefy fat before it is removed with gentle suction. Lipoplasty does not prevent weight regain. Lipoplasty has a good safety record; risks of the procedure include infection, skin discoloration, and blood clots. Liposuction is a surgical procedure that removes excess fat that is difficult to get rid of with diet and exercise.

Liposuction does not prevent weight regain. Liposuction has a good safety record; risks of the procedure include infection and skin discoloration.

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