How do they work? The term race stands for the conception of the doctrine that nature produced humankind in distinct groups, each defined by inborn traits that its members share and that differentiate them from the members of other distinct groups of the same kind but of unequal rank. It works like this: racecraft , a kind of magical thinking that is ready, even eager, to embrace insane notions from eugenics to the Bell Curve, is everywhere employed to lend credibility to the illusion of something called race.
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Racecraft fixes the illusion of race in the cultural consciousness as a reality, thereby creating a basis for the many and various oppressions that constitute racism. And yet discourse after discourse finds a way to rank us, divide us, and create measurements of status linked to race. What use are these artificial layers of status and privilege, when there are seven billion of us in the exact same condition?
Scared, fragile, and — above all — temporary? Racecraft is practiced all around us, and by all of us, by those who view themselves as the victims and opponents of racism as surely as by those who are most obviously guilty of it.
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- The Lottery Ticket;
- The Ultimate Time Machine.
One can be a non- and even antiracist, in other words, and still practice racecraft. It provides a template for understanding inequality whose taken-for-granted rules are so pervasive that knock-off versions of them move through the echelons. At a high school in a neighborhood where young black men had attacked Mexican immigrants, black students disparaged black classmates from backgrounds poorer than their own. In the same neighborhood, Mexican-Americans who had been born in the United States disparaged classmates born in Mexico.
They work for my Moms.
One even made me breakfast this morning. Anybody can point in any direction and see inequality being constructed in real time, in exactly the manner the Fieldses describe above. If we are to transcend its evils, ignoring the historical practice and effects of racecraft is a wrong-way strategy. In January of that year, Browne arranged to move in with an undocumented Mexican family in MacArthur Park, along with photographer Kara Mears also white.
This blog embraced culture shock, rather than shying away from it. Here she explored the difference between her attitude toward the police and that of her housemates. The following week, however, all hell broke loose. This, too, is how racecraft works: not only though the top-down perpetuation of an artificial hierarchical structure, but also through a corresponding denial of good-faith attempts to interrogate that structure from the outside. At the time it seemed to me that all these commenters were missing the point. Browne appeared as a figure in her own story because the schism between herself and her subjects so clearly and honestly reflected the real schism in our city.
When I lived in that neighborhood, I never thought I would ever talk to a white person or trust a white person. My only recollections of white people in that neighborhood was the white cops that frisked you and mistreated you for no reason. If you were 10 years old or more and something went down in the neighborhood, they just stopped every boy and mistreated them. Having to face that disparity explicitly, in the inconveniently snow-white middle-class person of Devin Browne, created about a thousand kinds of useful discomfort.
The reader was invited to consider his own relationship to our large and disadvantaged undocumented Latino population, and to the privileged, educated class that writes just enough about their condition to enable the rest of us to ignore it. Each of us walks around with some kind of baggage, so we all have to let some things slide; to make too much of personal slights to oneself is a distraction and impairs your ability to put your shoulder to the wheel.
Giving other people the power to disturb your equilibrium to such a degree is not empowerment, it is weakness: thralldom, even, to the good behavior of strangers, an uncertain quantity at best. Which is to say, in my own case, pretty blandly, though as a younger woman I did resort to pretending not to understand unwelcome remarks in the street from time to time.
Status Available. Call number Place Hold Check Out. Genres Nonfiction. Publication Verso , Edition: Reprint, pages. Description Most people assume that racism grows from a perception of human difference: the fact of race gives rise to the practice of racism. Media reviews Los Angeles Review of Books. Instead, they describe the circles drawn by others, you might say, and patiently erase each one. User reviews LibraryThing member rivkat. African Americans today are disproportionately poor; whites are disproportionately rich.
But a world in which those proportions were corrected would not be more equal; it would just be differently unequal. The longer and more historical answer begins by noting, as Adolph Reed and Merlin Chowkwanyun do in a recent paper in Socialist Register, that the discourse of disparity has come to the fore in the last thirty years, a period in which economic inequality has been rapidly increasing. No one, for example, thinks that sending more black students to elite universities will reduce inequality; what they think is that it will allow a few more black people to benefit from it.
Equality of opportunity is key here. In its minimal form, it requires an end to all forms of discrimination — racism, sexism, heterosexism etc. More robustly, it would also require that people not be victimised because of their class. Abigail Fisher, the upper-middle-class daughter of a man who attended the very college that refused to admit her, and who thus belongs to a group that has no problem getting access to good colleges, has lodged exactly the same complaint, and her case is currently before the Supreme Court.
And rich white people, by turn, can assert their class privilege over poor white people by fighting that same policy. Many critics of race-based affirmative action want to make it class-based instead. The odds are against them: today about 45 per cent of Harvard students come from families with earnings in the top 5 per cent; about 18 per cent come from families in the bottom 60 per cent.
If we want proportionate representation, a lot of clever young rich people will have to go home.lastsurestart.co.uk/libraries/best/4455-galaxy-xcover.php
But suppose they succeed. Or, even better, suppose we manage to create a world in which every university is as good as Harvard and everyone — black and white, rich and poor — gets to go to one. Everybody has a fancy education but only about one person in five has a job which requires that education. Or rewards it. The people who currently end up in those jobs are disproportionately black and Latino and female and very badly educated.
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